Home » Arabic-Language Philosophers: J Bir Ibn Hayy N, Alhazen, Averroes, Ibn Al-Nafis, Ibn Arabi, Al-Kindi, Taqi Al-Din Muhammad Ibn Maruf by Source Wikipedia
Arabic-Language Philosophers: J Bir Ibn Hayy N, Alhazen, Averroes, Ibn Al-Nafis, Ibn Arabi, Al-Kindi, Taqi Al-Din Muhammad Ibn Maruf Source Wikipedia

Arabic-Language Philosophers: J Bir Ibn Hayy N, Alhazen, Averroes, Ibn Al-Nafis, Ibn Arabi, Al-Kindi, Taqi Al-Din Muhammad Ibn Maruf

Source Wikipedia

Published August 19th 2011
ISBN : 9781233108244
Paperback
46 pages
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 About the Book 

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 45. Chapters: J?bir ibn Hayy?n, Alhazen, Averroes, Ibn al-Nafis, Ibn Arabi, Al-Kindi, Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibnMorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 45. Chapters: J?bir ibn Hayy?n, Alhazen, Averroes, Ibn al-Nafis, Ibn Arabi, Al-Kindi, Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Maruf, Brethren of Purity, Avempace, Ibn Tufail, Nader El-Bizri, Ibn Hazm, Sadiq Jalal al-Azm, Al-Ma?arri, Abu al-Hasan al-Ashari, Rifaa el-Tahtawi, Abdel Wahab Elmessiri, Al-Mawardi, Zaki Naguib Mahmoud, Youssef Seddik, Mu?ammad ibn Ibr?h?m al-Faz?r?, Nasif Al-Yaziji, Jamil Sidqi al-Zahawi, Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji, Ibrahim Al-Yazigi, Abu Yaqub al-Sijistani, Hanna Al-Fakhoury, Al-Jubbai. Excerpt: (Arabic:, Persian:, Latinized: Alhacen or (deprecated) Alhazen) (965 in Basra - c. 1040 in Cairo) was a Persian scientist and polymath. Some sources state that he was an Arab. He is frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham, and sometimes as al-Basri (Arabic: ), after his birthplace in the city of Basra. Alhazen made significant contributions to the principles of optics, as well as to physics, astronomy, mathematics, ophthalmology, philosophy, visual perception, and to the scientific method. He was also nicknamed Ptolemaeus Secundus (Ptolemy the Second) or simply The Physicist in medieval Europe. Alhazen wrote insightful commentaries on works by Aristotle, Ptolemy, and the Greek mathematician Euclid. Born circa 965, in Basra, Iraq, he lived mainly in Cairo, Egypt, dying there at age 76. Over-confident about practical application of his mathematical knowledge, he assumed that he could regulate the floods of the Nile. After being ordered by Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the sixth ruler of the Fatimid caliphate, to carry out this operation, he quickly perceived the impossibility of what he was attempting to do, and retired from engineering. Fearing for his life, he feigned madness and was placed under house arrest, during and after which he devoted himself to his scientific work until...